Category: Ketogenic Diet

Sameglutides vs. Physician-Guided Diet for Metabolic Syndrome: A Comprehensive Comparison

Metabolic Syndrome is a complex health condition that encompasses a range of risk factors, including obesity, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, and abnormal cholesterol levels. In recent years, medications like Sameglutides, such as Wagovy and Ozempic, have gained popularity for their ability to manage certain aspects of Metabolic Syndrome. However, are these medications a long-term solution, or is there a better approach? Let’s delve into the comparison between Sameglutides and a physician-guided low-carb, high-fat diet for managing Metabolic Syndrome.

Short-Term Benefits of Sameglutides:
Sameglutides like Wagovy and Ozempic belong to a class of medications known as GLP-1 receptor agonists. They work by stimulating insulin production, reducing appetite, and promoting weight loss. These drugs can indeed provide short-term benefits by lowering blood sugar levels, aiding weight loss, and improving some cardiovascular risk factors.

Limitations of Sameglutides:
Despite their effectiveness in the short term, Sameglutides have limitations. They are not a cure for Metabolic Syndrome and may only address specific symptoms. Moreover, they come with potential side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and an increased risk of pancreatitis.

The Role of a Physician-Guided Low-Carb, High-Fat Diet:
A physician-guided low-carb, high-fat diet offers a holistic approach to managing Metabolic Syndrome. By focusing on dietary changes tailored to individual needs, this approach addresses the root causes of the condition. A low-carb, high-fat diet helps regulate blood sugar levels, improve lipid profiles, and promote sustainable weight loss. It also reduces inflammation and supports overall metabolic health.

Comparing Long-Term Outcomes:
When comparing long-term outcomes, a physician-guided low-carb, high-fat diet has several advantages over Sameglutides. While medications may provide immediate relief, they do not address lifestyle factors that contribute to Metabolic Syndrome. In contrast, a personalized dietary approach promotes long-lasting changes in metabolic health, reduces medication reliance, and lowers the risk of complications associated with Metabolic Syndrome.

Sameglutides like Wagovy and Ozempic can be beneficial in the short term for managing certain aspects of Metabolic Syndrome. However, they are not a substitute for a physician-guided low-carb, high-fat diet. By addressing dietary and lifestyle factors, patients can achieve sustainable improvements in metabolic health and reduce their reliance on medications with potential side effects. Consulting with a healthcare provider for personalized guidance is crucial in developing an effective long-term strategy for managing Metabolic Syndrome.

A Comprehensive Approach to Alleviating Migraines, Anxiety, and Tremors: Integrating Nutritional Psychiatry, a Low-Carb/Carnivore Diet, and Intermittent Fasting


Living with migraines, anxiety, and tremors can be challenging, impacting both physical and mental well-being. Fortunately, emerging research suggests that a comprehensive approach combining nutritional psychiatry, a low-carb/carnivore diet, and intermittent fasting may offer relief from these symptoms. In this blog post, we will explore the principles behind this integrative approach and provide practical tips for incorporating it into your lifestyle.

Understanding the Foundations:

Nutritional Psychiatry:
Nutritional psychiatry focuses on the connection between diet and mental health. Consuming nutrient-dense foods rich in antioxidants, omega-3 fatty acids, and essential vitamins and minerals can help reduce inflammation, support neurotransmitter balance, and enhance overall brain health.

Low-Carb/Carnivore Diet:
A low-carb or carnivore diet emphasizes the reduction or elimination of carbohydrates while prioritizing animal-based proteins and healthy fats. By minimizing carbohydrate intake, this diet aims to stabilize blood sugar levels, reduce inflammation, and optimize brain function.

Intermittent Fasting:
Intermittent fasting involves cycling between periods of eating and fasting. This approach promotes metabolic flexibility and may enhance cellular repair mechanisms, reduce inflammation, and support overall well-being. A common approach is to have an eating window during specific hours of the day and fast for the remaining period.

The Integration Process:

Embrace Whole, Nutrient-Dense Foods:
Incorporate a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats, and nuts/seeds into your diet. Prioritize grass-fed meats, wild-caught fish, leafy greens, and low-carb vegetables to provide essential nutrients for brain health.

Eliminate Seed Oils:
Eliminate seed oils such as soybean, sunflower, safflower, and corn oil from your diet. These oils are high in omega-6 fatty acids, which can promote inflammation. Instead, opt for healthier alternatives like olive oil, coconut oil, lard, ghee, beef tallow, and grass-fed butter.

Mindful Meal Planning:
Work with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to develop a personalized meal plan. Focus on high-quality animal proteins, healthy fats, and non-starchy vegetables. Experiment with delicious recipes that align with your dietary preferences and restrictions.

Implement Intermittent Fasting:
Start with a 12-hour fasting window overnight and gradually increase to 16 or 18 hours, as tolerated. During the eating window, prioritize nutrient-dense meals to ensure adequate nutrition. Stay hydrated with water and herbal tea throughout the fasting period.

Prioritize Sleep and Stress Management:
Adequate sleep and stress management are vital components of overall well-being. Establish a consistent sleep routine and incorporate stress-reducing techniques like mindfulness, meditation, or yoga into your daily routine.

Regular Exercise:
Engage in regular physical activity to support overall health and well-being. Moderate-intensity exercises like aerobic activities and strength training can improve mood, reduce stress, and enhance brain function.


Taking a comprehensive approach to managing migraines, anxiety, and tremors through nutritional psychiatry, a low-carb/carnivore diet, and intermittent fasting offers a promising strategy for symptom alleviation. However, it’s crucial to remember that individual needs may vary, and it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian before making significant dietary changes.

By embracing whole, nutrient-dense foods, eliminating seed oils, and implementing intermittent fasting, you can optimize your brain health and potentially find relief from these debilitating conditions. Prioritize self-care, practice mindful eating, and seek professional guidance to ensure a safe and effective journey towards better health and well-being.

Remember, always consult with your healthcare provider before making any changes to your diet or treatment plan.


Smith R, et al. (2020). The role of nutrition in mental health: Breaking the vicious cycle of poor mental health and unhealthy diets. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(24), 9094. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17249094.
Paoli A, et al. (2019). Beyond weight loss: A review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 73(3), 324-333. doi: 10.1038/s41430-018-0341-9.
Patterson RE, et al. (2015). Intermittent fasting and human metabolic health. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 115(8), 1203-1212. doi: 10.1016/j.jand.2015.02.018.

Achieving Stroke Prevention Goals through Medical Management: The Role of a Ketogenic Diet and Intermittent Fasting in Correcting Metabolic Syndrome

By Stephen Fitzmeyer, MD

Title: The Role of a Ketogenic Diet and Intermittent Fasting in Correcting Metabolic Syndrome and Achieving Stroke Prevention Goals: A Review of Relevant Studies


Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that increase the risk of developing stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. It is characterized by a combination of dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hypertension, and obesity. In the quest for effective stroke prevention, medical management plays a crucial role in controlling these risk factors. This article explores how a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting can be valuable strategies in achieving the goals of medical management by correcting metabolic syndrome.

Dyslipidemia and High-Potency Statin:

Dyslipidemia, characterized by elevated levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, is a significant risk factor for stroke. High-potency statins are widely prescribed to lower cholesterol levels. However, emerging research suggests that a ketogenic diet can positively influence lipid profiles and achieve similar outcomes.

A study published in the Journal of Clinical Lipidology (Feinman et al., 2020) demonstrated that a ketogenic diet led to a significant decrease in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels, along with an increase in HDL cholesterol. These improvements in lipid profiles could potentially reduce the risk of stroke.

Diabetes and Glycemic Control:

Diabetes is a well-established risk factor for stroke. Maintaining optimal glycemic control is crucial to managing diabetes and reducing the risk of stroke. Traditionally, oral antidiabetic medications and insulin have been used for glycemic control. However, recent evidence suggests that a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting can be effective complementary approaches.

A study published in Nutrition (Kosinski & Jornayvaz, 2017) demonstrated that a ketogenic diet improved glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. The diet led to a significant reduction in fasting blood glucose levels, hemoglobin A1c, and insulin resistance. Additionally, intermittent fasting has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce fasting glucose levels (Tinsley et al., 2016). These findings highlight the potential of a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting in achieving optimal glycemic control and reducing the risk of stroke in diabetic patients.

Hypertension and Blood Pressure Management:

Hypertension is a leading modifiable risk factor for stroke. While traditional management involves strict blood pressure control with medication, adopting a ketogenic diet and incorporating intermittent fasting may offer additional benefits.

A study published in the British Journal of Nutrition (Gomez-Arbelaez et al., 2017) found that a ketogenic Mediterranean diet led to a significant reduction in blood pressure levels. The diet was rich in healthy fats, vegetables, and lean protein sources. Similarly, intermittent fasting has been shown to improve blood pressure control in individuals with hypertension (Carter et al., 2018). These findings suggest that a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting can complement traditional management strategies in achieving optimal blood pressure control and reducing stroke risk.

Smoking Cessation and Lifestyle Modification:

Smoking is a well-established risk factor for stroke. While medical management involves smoking cessation counseling, adopting a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting can promote overall lifestyle modification, making it easier to quit smoking.

Although studies specifically investigating the effect of a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting on smoking cessation are limited, these interventions have shown promise in promoting healthy habits and reducing cravings associated with addiction (Pinto et al., 2018). By incorporating these strategies into a comprehensive lifestyle modification plan, individuals can enhance their ability to quit smoking and reduce their stroke risk.

Navigating Vitamin K-Rich Foods for Post-Stroke Patients on Keto and Intermittent Fasting

Following a stroke, effective management plays a crucial role in promoting recovery and reducing the risk of future events. In recent years, the ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting have gained attention for their potential benefits in post-stroke care. However, for individuals on these dietary approaches, there may be concerns about consuming foods rich in vitamin K, which can interact with anticoagulant medications. In this article, we’ll explore the considerations regarding vitamin K intake for post-stroke patients following a ketogenic diet or practicing intermittent fasting.

Understanding Vitamin K and Anticoagulation:

Vitamin K is an essential nutrient involved in blood clotting. Anticoagulant medications, such as warfarin, work by inhibiting the action of vitamin K, reducing the risk of blood clots. Maintaining consistent anticoagulation levels is crucial to minimize the risk of stroke recurrence and other complications.

Ketogenic Diet and Intermittent Fasting:

The ketogenic diet is a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet that has been studied for its potential benefits in neurologic conditions, including stroke recovery. Intermittent fasting, on the other hand, involves cycling between periods of eating and fasting. While both approaches have shown promise in stroke management, it’s essential to consider their potential impact on vitamin K intake.

Vitamin K-Rich Foods and Consistency:

Foods rich in vitamin K, such as leafy green vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, herbs, and certain oils, are generally considered nutritious and beneficial for overall health. However, for individuals on anticoagulant therapy, sudden or significant changes in vitamin K intake can affect the effectiveness of the medication.

Finding Balance:

Post-stroke patients following a ketogenic diet or practicing intermittent fasting can still include vitamin K-rich foods in their meal plans. The key is to maintain consistency in vitamin K intake from week to week to ensure stable anticoagulation levels.

Collaboration with Healthcare Providers:

Post-stroke patients should collaborate closely with their healthcare providers, including physicians and registered dietitians, to develop a personalized dietary plan that considers their individual needs, medication regimen, and dietary preferences. Healthcare providers can provide guidance on the consumption of vitamin K-rich foods while ensuring that anticoagulation levels remain within the target range.

Post-stroke patients following a ketogenic diet or practicing intermittent fasting can still enjoy the benefits of vitamin K-rich foods while managing their anticoagulation therapy. The key is to maintain consistency in vitamin K intake and work closely with healthcare providers to optimize stroke management. By striking the right balance, individuals can promote their recovery, reduce the risk of stroke recurrence, and achieve their health goals.

Remember, always consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to receive personalized advice based on your specific condition and medication regimen. Together, you can develop a comprehensive plan that supports your stroke recovery journey while effectively managing your diet and anticoagulation therapy.


Medical management plays a crucial role in stroke prevention by controlling risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. However, emerging evidence suggests that a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting can be valuable additions to traditional management approaches. These lifestyle interventions have been shown to positively impact dyslipidemia, glycemic control, blood pressure management, and overall lifestyle modification, all of which are essential components of medical management in stroke prevention.

By adopting a ketogenic diet, individuals can experience improvements in lipid profiles, including reductions in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides, while increasing HDL cholesterol. Moreover, a ketogenic diet has demonstrated effectiveness in improving glycemic control, reducing fasting blood glucose levels, hemoglobin A1c, and insulin resistance in individuals with diabetes. Intermittent fasting, on the other hand, has shown promise in enhancing insulin sensitivity and lowering fasting glucose levels.

Both a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting have exhibited potential benefits in managing hypertension, leading to reduced blood pressure levels. These interventions promote healthy eating patterns and weight loss, contributing to better overall cardiovascular health.

Additionally, incorporating a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting into a comprehensive lifestyle modification plan can support smoking cessation efforts. While more research is needed to establish a direct link between these interventions and smoking cessation, they can enhance overall well-being, reduce cravings, and improve self-control, thus facilitating the process of quitting smoking.

Although further studies are warranted to fully elucidate the mechanisms and long-term effects of a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting in stroke prevention, the available evidence highlights their potential as valuable tools for correcting metabolic syndrome and achieving the goals of medical management. These lifestyle interventions offer a holistic approach to risk factor control and can serve as effective complements to pharmacological therapies in reducing the risk of stroke.

In conclusion, a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting show promise in correcting metabolic syndrome and addressing the risk factors associated with stroke. Incorporating these lifestyle interventions into medical management strategies can improve dyslipidemia, glycemic control, blood pressure management, and overall health, ultimately reducing the risk of stroke and promoting better long-term outcomes. However, it is important to consult with healthcare professionals before making any significant dietary or fasting changes, as individualized guidance and monitoring are essential for optimal results.

Author: Stephen Fitzmeyer, M.D.
Physician Informaticist
Founder of Patient Keto
Founder of Warp Core Health
Founder of Jax Code Academy,

Connect with Dr. Stephen Fitzmeyer:
Twitter: @PatientKeto

Harnessing the Power of Nutritional Neurology: A Ketogenic Lifestyle and Intermittent Fasting Approach

By Stephen Fitzmeyer, MD

In recent years, the field of nutritional neurology has gained significant attention as a promising approach to enhance brain health and treat various neurological disorders. By combining the principles of a ketogenic lifestyle and intermittent fasting, researchers and healthcare professionals are exploring new avenues for improving and potentially even curing certain neurological conditions. This article aims to shed light on the concept of nutritional neurology and its potential impact on ten neurological disorders.

Understanding Nutritional Neurology:
Nutritional neurology focuses on the relationship between diet and brain health. It recognizes that the food we consume can directly impact the structure and function of our nervous system. A ketogenic lifestyle involves consuming a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet that induces a state of ketosis. Intermittent fasting, on the other hand, refers to periods of time when food intake is restricted, alternating with periods of regular eating.

Neurological Disorders and the Role of Nutritional Neurology:

Epilepsy: Studies have shown that a ketogenic diet can significantly reduce seizure frequency in individuals with epilepsy, particularly in children whose seizures are drug-resistant.

Alzheimer’s Disease: A ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting have shown potential in enhancing brain function and reducing cognitive decline in individuals with Alzheimer’s disease.

Parkinson’s Disease: Nutritional neurology, particularly the ketogenic diet, may help improve motor symptoms and overall quality of life in individuals with Parkinson’s disease.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS): Some evidence suggests that a ketogenic diet may alleviate symptoms and slow down the progression of MS by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress.

Migraine: The ketogenic diet, combined with intermittent fasting, may reduce the frequency and intensity of migraines by modulating brain energy metabolism and reducing neuroinflammation.

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD): Nutritional interventions, including a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting, have shown promise in managing symptoms associated with ASD, such as behavioral issues and cognitive impairments.

Depression: Emerging research suggests that a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting may have antidepressant effects by modulating neurotransmitter activity and reducing inflammation.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): Nutritional neurology approaches, such as a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting, have shown potential in promoting neuroprotection and supporting recovery following TBI.

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS): While further research is needed, preliminary studies indicate that a ketogenic diet may improve mitochondrial function and potentially slow the progression of ALS.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): Nutritional interventions, including a ketogenic diet and intermittent fasting, may help manage symptoms of ADHD by improving focus, attention, and behavior.

Nutritional neurology offers a fascinating perspective on brain health and the treatment of neurological disorders. By embracing a ketogenic lifestyle and incorporating intermittent fasting, individuals may potentially experience improvements in various neurological conditions. However, it is important to note that nutritional interventions should be pursued under the guidance of healthcare professionals and tailored to each individual’s specific needs. As research continues to unfold, nutritional neurology holds the promise of transforming the way we approach neurological disorders and enhancing the lives of countless individuals.

Author: Stephen Fitzmeyer, M.D.
Physician Informaticist
Founder of Patient Keto
Founder of Warp Core Health
Founder of Jax Code Academy,

Connect with Dr. Stephen Fitzmeyer:
Twitter: @PatientKeto

Leveraging Fiber for Blood Sugar Control in a Ketogenic Diet: A Guide for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetics

By Stephen Fitzmeyer, MD

For individuals living with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, maintaining stable blood sugar levels is of utmost importance. While a ketogenic diet can be a beneficial approach for managing diabetes, it requires careful consideration of nutrient intake, including fiber. Incorporating fiber-rich foods into each meal can play a crucial role in controlling and stabilizing blood sugar levels. In this article, we will explore the scientific evidence supporting the use of fiber for blood sugar control in a ketogenic diet and provide practical recommendations for individuals with diabetes.


For years, health-conscious individuals have been advised to consume fruit as part of a balanced diet due to its nutritional value and potential health benefits. However, recent studies have shed light on an important distinction between whole fruit and fruit juice regarding their effect on blood sugar levels. It turns out that the presence of fiber in whole fruit plays a significant role in slowing down the absorption of fructose, the natural sugar found in fruit. In contrast, fruit juice lacks the same fiber content, leading to a more rapid rise in blood sugar levels. Let’s delve deeper into the research and uncover the implications of these findings.

The Role of Fiber

Fiber is a key component of whole fruits that is absent in fruit juice. This dietary component consists of soluble and insoluble fibers, both of which contribute to a slower and more controlled release of sugars into the bloodstream. When consuming whole fruit, the fibrous structure acts as a physical barrier, reducing the speed at which sugars, including fructose, are absorbed. As a result, blood sugar levels rise more gradually, minimizing the risk of blood sugar spikes.

The Role of Fiber in Blood Sugar Control

Fiber-rich foods have a significant impact on blood sugar control. Fiber consists of indigestible carbohydrates that cannot be broken down by human enzymes. Instead, fiber passes through the digestive system relatively intact. There are two main types of fiber: soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Both types contribute to blood sugar control in different ways.

Soluble fiber forms a gel-like substance in the digestive tract, slowing down the digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, including sugars. This results in a more gradual release of glucose into the bloodstream, preventing sudden spikes in blood sugar levels. Insoluble fiber, on the other hand, adds bulk to the stool, promoting regular bowel movements and preventing constipation, a common issue for individuals with diabetes.

Scientific Studies on Fiber and Blood Sugar Control

Numerous studies have investigated the effects of fiber on blood sugar control, including its impact on postprandial glucose levels (blood sugar levels after a meal) and glycemic control over the long term.

A study published in the journal “Diabetes Care” examined the effects of a high-fiber diet on glycemic control in individuals with Type 2 diabetes. The researchers found that participants who consumed a diet rich in fiber experienced significant improvements in glycemic control, including reduced HbA1c levels (a marker of long-term blood sugar control) and lower postprandial glucose levels.

Another study published in the “Journal of Clinical Nutrition” compared the effects of two different breakfast meals on blood sugar control in individuals with Type 2 diabetes. One meal contained high-fiber foods such as oats and fruits, while the other meal contained low-fiber foods. The researchers found that the high-fiber breakfast led to significantly lower postprandial glucose levels and improved overall glycemic control compared to the low-fiber breakfast.

Slower Absorption and Glycemic Index

The glycemic index (GI) is a measure of how quickly a particular food raises blood sugar levels. Foods with a low GI are digested and absorbed more slowly, leading to a gradual increase in blood sugar levels. Several studies have compared the glycemic index of whole fruit and fruit juice, consistently finding that whole fruit has a lower GI than its juice counterpart.

One study published in the journal “Diabetes Care” compared the effects of consuming whole apples versus apple juice in a group of participants. The researchers found that whole apples had a lower glycemic response, resulting in a more gradual increase in blood sugar levels, compared to apple juice. These findings highlight the role of fiber in moderating the absorption of fructose and its impact on blood sugar.

Long-Term Health Implications

The differential effect of whole fruit and fruit juice on blood sugar levels has significant implications for long-term health. Rapid spikes in blood sugar can strain the body’s ability to produce enough insulin to regulate glucose levels effectively. Over time, this may lead to insulin resistance, an underlying factor in the development of type 2 diabetes.

Furthermore, the consumption of whole fruits provides additional health benefits beyond blood sugar regulation. Fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other phytochemicals that contribute to overall well-being and the prevention of chronic diseases such as heart disease and certain cancers. By choosing whole fruits over fruit juice, individuals can harness the combined benefits of fiber and essential nutrients.

The Importance of Including Fiber in Every Meal

For individuals with diabetes following a ketogenic diet, it is crucial to include a source of fiber in every meal. Here are some reasons why:

Blood Sugar Regulation: Including fiber in each meal helps regulate blood sugar levels by slowing down the absorption of glucose. This can minimize the risk of blood sugar spikes and promote better overall glucose control.

Satiety and Weight Management: Fiber-rich foods are generally more filling and can contribute to a sense of satiety after a meal. This can aid in appetite management and weight control, which is particularly important for individuals with diabetes. Maintaining a healthy weight helps improve insulin sensitivity and supports blood sugar management.

Digestive Health: Fiber plays a vital role in maintaining a healthy digestive system. It adds bulk to the stool, promotes regular bowel movements, and helps prevent gastrointestinal issues such as constipation. This is particularly relevant for individuals with diabetes, as they are more prone to digestive complications.

How can you supplement fiber in your ketogenic diet without grains or carbs?

If you’re looking to supplement fiber in your diet without relying on grains or carbs, there are several options you can consider. Here are some fiber-rich foods that are low in grains and carbohydrates:

  • Vegetables: Non-starchy vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kale, spinach, and asparagus are excellent sources of fiber. You can include these in your meals and snacks.
  • Berries: Berries such as raspberries, blackberries, and strawberries are relatively low in carbs and high in fiber. They can be consumed fresh or frozen and added to yogurt or smoothies.
  • Chia seeds: Chia seeds are packed with fiber and can be easily incorporated into your diet. They can be added to smoothies, yogurt, or used as a topping for salads or oatmeal.
  • Flaxseeds: Flaxseeds are another great source of fiber. You can sprinkle ground flaxseeds on your meals, add them to smoothies, or use them in baking recipes.
  • Avocado: Avocado is a nutrient-dense fruit that is high in healthy fats and fiber. You can enjoy avocado as a topping, in salads, or as a guacamole dip.
  • Nuts and seeds: Almonds, walnuts, and sunflower seeds are examples of nuts and seeds that provide both fiber and healthy fats. They can be eaten as a snack or added to various dishes.
  • Legumes: While legumes like beans and lentils contain carbohydrates, they are also excellent sources of fiber and protein. Including moderate amounts of legumes in your diet can be beneficial.
  • Psyllium husk: Psyllium husk is a fiber supplement derived from the seeds of the Plantago ovata plant. It is low in carbs and can be mixed with water or added to recipes as a thickening agent.
  • Coconut: Coconut is rich in fiber and healthy fats. You can incorporate shredded coconut into your meals, use coconut flour for baking, or enjoy coconut milk in smoothies or curries.
  • Cabbage: Cabbage is a low-carb vegetable that provides a good amount of fiber. You can use it in salads, stir-fries, or even make cabbage wraps instead of grain-based wraps.
  • Mushrooms: Mushrooms are low in carbs and contain fiber. They can be used in a variety of dishes, such as stir-fries, soups, or stuffed mushroom caps.
  • Cauliflower rice: Cauliflower can be grated or processed into rice-like grains, providing a low-carb alternative to traditional grains. You can use cauliflower rice as a base for stir-fries, salads, or side dishes.
  • Seaweed: Various types of seaweed, such as nori or kelp, are low in carbs and high in fiber. You can enjoy them in sushi rolls, salads, or as a crunchy snack.
  • Artichokes: Artichokes are a good source of fiber and can be enjoyed steamed, grilled, or added to dips like spinach artichoke dip.
  • Green leafy vegetables: Leafy greens like spinach, Swiss chard, and kale are low in carbs and rich in fiber. They can be used in salads, smoothies, or sautéed as a side dish.

Consulting a Healthcare Professional

It is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian experienced in diabetes management before making any significant changes to your diet, especially if you have diabetes. They can provide personalized guidance based on your specific needs and help you create a well-balanced meal plan that incorporates fiber-rich foods while adhering to a ketogenic approach.


Incorporating fiber into a ketogenic diet is essential for individuals with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes aiming to maintain stable blood sugar levels. Scientific studies have consistently demonstrated the positive impact of fiber on glycemic control and blood sugar management. By prioritizing fiber-rich foods such as non-starchy vegetables, berries, seeds, and nuts, individuals with diabetes can enhance their overall dietary fiber intake while adhering to a ketogenic eating pattern. By doing so, they can work towards better blood sugar control and improved long-term health outcomes.

Author: Stephen Fitzmeyer, M.D.
Physician Informaticist
Founder of Patient Keto
Founder of Warp Core Health
Founder of Jax Code Academy,

Connect with Dr. Stephen Fitzmeyer:
Twitter: @PatientKeto

Why Your Doctor Should Start Paying Attention to Your Uric Acid Levels

Uric acid, a natural waste product created during the breakdown of purines in the body, has long been associated with a painful condition known as gout. However, recent research has shown that elevated uric acid levels can have broader health implications beyond gout, indicating the importance of monitoring and managing uric acid levels in routine medical care. This article explores the reasons why your doctor should start paying attention to your uric acid levels and how adopting a ketogenic diet can help lower uric acid levels and promote metabolic health.

Gout Prevention and Management: Gout is a form of arthritis characterized by sudden, severe joint pain, swelling, and redness. It occurs when uric acid crystals accumulate in the joints, leading to inflammation. Monitoring uric acid levels can help identify individuals at risk of developing gout and enable early intervention. By proactively managing uric acid levels through lifestyle modifications and medications, doctors can help prevent recurrent gout attacks and minimize joint damage.

Uric Acid as an Independent Risk Factor: Elevated uric acid levels have been linked to various health conditions independent of gout. Research suggests that high uric acid levels may contribute to the development of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and metabolic syndrome. By monitoring and managing uric acid levels, doctors can potentially identify individuals at increased risk for these conditions and implement preventive measures accordingly.

Kidney Health Assessment: The kidneys play a vital role in filtering and excreting uric acid from the body. Persistently high uric acid levels can strain the kidneys and increase the risk of kidney stones and kidney disease. Monitoring uric acid levels can serve as an indicator of kidney function and help doctors assess overall kidney health. Identifying and addressing elevated uric acid levels can potentially slow down the progression of kidney disease and reduce the risk of related complications.

Uncovering Underlying Health Conditions: High uric acid levels may indicate an underlying health condition such as metabolic disorders, insulin resistance, or certain types of cancer. Identifying and treating these conditions in their early stages can significantly improve outcomes. Regular monitoring of uric acid levels can provide doctors with a valuable diagnostic clue, prompting further investigations and ensuring timely intervention.

Lifestyle Modification and Patient Education: Monitoring uric acid levels can empower doctors to educate their patients about lifestyle modifications that can help maintain healthy levels. By discussing dietary choices, weight management, alcohol consumption, and the importance of staying hydrated, doctors can assist individuals in making informed decisions and adopting healthier habits to control uric acid levels.

Ketogenic Diet and Uric Acid Levels: Recent studies have indicated that adopting a ketogenic diet, which is low in carbohydrates and high in healthy fats, can contribute to lowering uric acid levels and improving metabolic health. The ketogenic diet promotes weight loss, reduces insulin resistance, and enhances the body’s ability to burn fat for fuel. These metabolic changes can lead to a decrease in uric acid production and improved uric acid clearance from the body.

By recommending a ketogenic diet to patients with elevated uric acid levels, doctors can potentially help them achieve metabolic health and reduce the risk of developing gout, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and other metabolic disorders. However, it’s important to note that dietary changes should be tailored to individual needs and medical history, and consultation with a healthcare professional is crucial before starting any new dietary regimen.

In conclusion, monitoring uric acid levels goes beyond the management of gout. With growing evidence linking elevated uric acid levels to various health conditions, it is essential for doctors to pay attention to their patients’ uric acid levels during routine medical care. By doing so, doctors can prevent and manage gout, identify individuals at risk for other health conditions,

assess kidney health, uncover underlying medical issues, and promote overall metabolic health. Adopting a ketogenic diet, in conjunction with regular monitoring of uric acid levels, can be a valuable tool in achieving these goals.

It is important to emphasize that any dietary changes, including the adoption of a ketogenic diet, should be done under the guidance of a healthcare professional. They can assess the individual’s medical history, evaluate potential risks and benefits, and provide personalized recommendations. Additionally, it’s crucial to consider the overall nutritional balance and adequacy of the diet to ensure that all essential nutrients are obtained.

In summary, by recognizing the broader health implications of elevated uric acid levels and monitoring them regularly, doctors can play a crucial role in preventing and managing gout, identifying underlying health conditions, and promoting optimal metabolic health. Alongside other lifestyle modifications, such as dietary changes, adopting a ketogenic diet can be a valuable approach to lower uric acid levels and improve overall health outcomes. Working in partnership with a healthcare professional, individuals can take proactive steps toward achieving better health and well-being.

Physician Informaticist
Founder of Patient Keto
Founder of Warp Core Health
Founder of Jax Code Academy,

Connect with Dr. Stephen Fitzmeyer:
Twitter: @PatientKeto

Unlocking the Power of Fat: Understanding Brown Fat, White Fat, and Ketones in Metabolism

By Stephen Fitzmeyer, MD

The human body is a complex machine that relies on various mechanisms to maintain energy balance and regulate metabolism. In recent years, significant research has been conducted to understand the different types of fat and their roles in energy storage, thermogenesis, and overall metabolic health. Additionally, the impact of ketones, particularly beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), on uncoupling and thermogenesis in white fat has emerged as a fascinating area of study. This article aims to delve into the fascinating world of brown fat, white fat, and the influence of ketones on fat metabolism.

Brown Fat: The Furnace of Heat Generation
Brown fat, also known as brown adipose tissue (BAT), is a specialized form of fat that plays a crucial role in thermogenesis. Unlike white fat, which primarily stores energy, brown fat is densely populated with mitochondria that contain a unique protein called uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1). UCP1 enables the uncoupling of electron transport and ATP synthesis, diverting energy towards heat production. By activating brown fat, the body can generate heat and maintain body temperature, making it an important component in combating hypothermia and regulating energy expenditure.

White Fat: Beyond Energy Storage
White fat, or white adipose tissue (WAT), is the more abundant type of fat in the human body and is primarily associated with energy storage. White fat cells store excess energy in the form of triglycerides, which can be released when energy is needed. However, recent research has shown that white fat can exhibit properties similar to brown fat through a process called browning or beiging. Browning involves the activation of UCP1 in white fat cells, leading to increased thermogenesis and energy expenditure. This discovery has opened up new possibilities for harnessing the potential of white fat in weight management and metabolic health.

Ketones: Fueling the Metabolic Fire
Ketones, specifically beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), have garnered attention for their impact on fat metabolism and uncoupling in white fat. During periods of low carbohydrate availability, such as fasting or adherence to a ketogenic diet, the body produces ketones as an alternative fuel source. Ketones can enhance uncoupling in white fat by increasing UCP1 expression, improving mitochondrial function, and activating specific signaling pathways. This process promotes thermogenesis and energy expenditure in white fat cells, potentially contributing to weight loss and metabolic health benefits associated with ketogenic diets.

Metabolic Flexibility and Health Implications
Understanding the intricate interplay between brown fat, white fat, and ketones provides insights into metabolic flexibility and its impact on health. Activating brown fat and promoting browning of white fat can increase energy expenditure, potentially assisting in weight management and combating obesity. Additionally, the utilization of ketones as an alternative fuel source offers metabolic advantages, such as improved mitochondrial function and uncoupling in white fat, which may have implications for metabolic health and conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

The exploration of brown fat, white fat, and the influence of ketones on fat metabolism has unveiled exciting possibilities for understanding energy balance, thermogenesis, and metabolic health. The ability to activate brown fat, induce browning of white fat, and harness the power of ketones could provide new avenues for managing weight, improving metabolic health, and combating metabolic disorders. As research in this field continues to evolve, we are gaining a deeper understanding of the intricate mechanisms that govern our metabolism and pave the way for innovative strategies in promoting a healthier future.

Author: Stephen Fitzmeyer, M.D.
Physician Informaticist
Founder of Patient Keto
Founder of Warp Core Health
Founder of Jax Code Academy,

Connect with Dr. Stephen Fitzmeyer:
Twitter: @PatientKeto

Exonerating Salt: Metabolic Syndrome Unveiled as the Underlying Culprit of Hypertension

By Stephen Fitzmeyer, MD

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, has long been associated with excessive salt intake. However, emerging research challenges this widely accepted belief, suggesting that hypertension is primarily a result of metabolic syndrome rather than a direct consequence of salt consumption. Metabolic syndrome, characterized by a cluster of metabolic abnormalities, including obesity, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia, plays a pivotal role in salt retention and the development of hypertension. In this article, we will explore the misconceptions surrounding the salt hypothesis and delve into the intricate connection between metabolic syndrome and hypertension.

The Salt Paradox:
For decades, medical professionals and public health campaigns have emphasized reducing salt intake as a means to prevent and manage hypertension. However, the relationship between salt consumption and hypertension is not as straightforward as once believed. Numerous studies have failed to establish a consistent link between salt intake and blood pressure elevation. Furthermore, populations consuming low-salt diets have not demonstrated significant reductions in hypertension rates. This paradox raises questions about the true nature of the relationship between salt and hypertension.

Metabolic Syndrome: The Underlying Culprit:
Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of interconnected metabolic abnormalities, is now recognized as a significant contributor to hypertension. Obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and chronic inflammation characteristic of metabolic syndrome disrupt the body’s delicate balance, leading to salt retention and the subsequent rise in blood pressure. Insulin resistance, a hallmark of metabolic syndrome, impairs sodium excretion by the kidneys, promoting salt retention and fluid accumulation. These metabolic derangements create a vicious cycle, perpetuating hypertension and further exacerbating the effects of salt retention.

Unveiling the Root Causes:
While salt intake may play a minor role in hypertension for a subset of individuals with salt sensitivity, it is crucial to focus on the underlying metabolic dysfunctions. Ultra-processed carbohydrates and fats, prevalent in modern diets, have been identified as primary culprits in the development of metabolic syndrome. These refined and heavily processed food products contribute to obesity, insulin resistance, and chronic inflammation, creating an environment conducive to hypertension and salt retention.

The Role of Lifestyle Interventions:
In addressing the underlying metabolic dysfunctions associated with hypertension, lifestyle interventions take center stage. A ketogenic diet, characterized by low carbohydrate intake and increased fat consumption, has shown promising results in improving metabolic health and blood pressure control. By shifting the body’s primary fuel source from carbohydrates to fats, a ketogenic diet improves insulin sensitivity, promotes weight loss, and mitigates chronic inflammation, thereby tackling the root causes of hypertension.

Intermittent fasting, an eating pattern that cycles between periods of fasting and feeding, has also demonstrated metabolic benefits. Beyond calorie restriction, intermittent fasting enhances insulin sensitivity, promotes autophagy, and regulates blood pressure, making it a valuable tool in the management of hypertension associated with metabolic syndrome.

Contrary to the long-standing belief that salt intake is the primary driver of hypertension, the emerging evidence suggests that metabolic syndrome, with its associated metabolic dysfunctions, is the root cause of salt retention and subsequent development of hypertension. While salt sensitivity may play a role in some individuals, it is essential to address the broader metabolic context to effectively manage hypertension. Lifestyle interventions, such as adopting a ketogenic diet and incorporating intermittent fasting, offer promising strategies to reverse metabolic syndrome, improve metabolic health, and alleviate hypertension. By shifting the focus from salt intake to metabolic health, we can reframe our approach to hypertension management and pave the way for more effective prevention and treatment strategies.

Intermittent Fasting: The Key to Metabolic Health, Empowered by the Ketogenic Diet for Satiety, Hunger Reduction, and Craving Control

By Stephen Fitzmeyer, MD


In the realm of metabolic health, one strategy has risen above the rest: Intermittent Fasting (IF). When coupled with the Ketogenic (Keto) diet, IF becomes an unrivaled approach that unlocks the full potential of satiety, hunger reduction, and cravings control. By harnessing the power of fasting, IF paves the way for optimal metabolic function, while the Keto diet amplifies these benefits, leading to improved overall health and well-being.

Intermittent Fasting: A Metabolic Game Changer

Intermittent Fasting has garnered widespread acclaim due to its profound impact on metabolic health. Rather than focusing solely on what you eat, IF centers on when you eat, establishing periods of fasting interspersed with designated eating windows.

At the core of IF lies its ability to promote metabolic flexibility. By depriving your body of constant food intake, it becomes adept at tapping into stored fat as an alternative energy source. This metabolic switch leads to weight loss, increased insulin sensitivity, and reduced inflammation.

Satiety and Hunger Reduction: The Role of IF

One of the key advantages of IF is its capacity to enhance satiety and curb hunger. During fasting periods, your body turns to its fat stores for fuel, facilitating fat burning and weight loss. However, the benefits extend far beyond shedding pounds.

IF effectively regulates hunger and fullness hormones, such as ghrelin and leptin, which influence appetite. With consistent practice, these hormones rebalance, resulting in reduced hunger and decreased cravings. By allowing your body ample time between meals, IF equips you with a newfound sense of control over your eating habits.

The Power of the Ketogenic Diet

Enter the Ketogenic diet, a low-carbohydrate, high-fat approach that synergizes remarkably with IF. By drastically reducing carbohydrate intake and increasing healthy fat consumption, the Keto diet promotes nutritional ketosis—a metabolic state where your body primarily relies on fat for energy.

The Keto diet is a satiety powerhouse. Healthy fats take longer to digest, keeping you feeling full and satisfied for extended periods. This phenomenon effectively curbs hunger, reduces cravings, and prevents the energy crashes associated with high-carbohydrate diets.

IF and Keto: The Dynamic Duo for Metabolic Health

When Intermittent Fasting and the Ketogenic diet join forces, a metabolic transformation occurs. IF acts as the catalyst, priming your body for efficient fat burning, while the Keto diet ensures that fat becomes the primary fuel source.

By following a Ketogenic diet within your designated eating window, you not only maintain a state of ketosis but also heighten the feeling of satiety. The combined approach effectively reduces hunger and cravings, making it easier to adhere to your dietary goals and achieve optimal metabolic health.


Intermittent Fasting is the key to unlocking metabolic health, and when paired with the Ketogenic diet, it becomes an unbeatable strategy for satiety, hunger reduction, and craving control. IF enhances your body’s ability to tap into stored fat for energy and regulates hunger hormones, while the Keto diet amplifies these effects through increased fat consumption.

Embrace Intermittent Fasting as your metabolic ally and leverage the Ketogenic diet as the perfect complement. Together, they offer a path to sustainable weight loss, improved insulin sensitivity, and enhanced overall well-being. Experience the transformative power of IF and Keto, and embrace a life of metabolic vitality.

Physician Informaticist
Founder of Patient Keto
Founder of Warp Core Health
Founder of Jax Code Academy,

Connect with Dr. Stephen Fitzmeyer:
Twitter: @PatientKeto

From Keto to Carnivore: Decoding Low Carb Diets for Ultimate Health and Vitality

By Stephen Fitzmeyer, MD

In the quest for improved health and weight management, numerous dietary approaches have gained popularity. Among the most well-known are the low carb diets, including the ketogenic diet (keto) and the carnivore diet. However, it is important to understand the subtle nuances and benefits of each variation, as well as other popular low carb diets such as the Paleo, Mediterranean, and Standard American Diet (S.A.D.). In this article, we will explore the differences and benefits of these dietary choices, shedding light on the variables that make each one unique.

The Ketogenic Diet (Keto):
The ketogenic diet is a low carb, high fat diet that encourages the body to enter a state of ketosis. By significantly reducing carbohydrate intake and increasing fat consumption, the body shifts from using glucose as its primary fuel source to using ketones. This metabolic state has been associated with several benefits, including weight loss, improved insulin sensitivity, and increased mental clarity. Additionally, keto has shown promise in managing epilepsy and certain neurological disorders.

The Carnivore Diet:
At the other end of the spectrum lies the carnivore diet, which emphasizes exclusively animal products and eliminates plant-based foods entirely. This ultra-low carb, high fat, and high protein approach aims to mimic the dietary patterns of our ancestors. Advocates claim that eliminating plant foods can reduce inflammation, promote weight loss, and improve digestion. However, it is important to note that the carnivore diet is highly restrictive and lacks the diversity of nutrients found in a balanced diet.

The Paleo Diet:
The Paleo diet seeks to emulate the eating habits of our Paleolithic ancestors. It promotes the consumption of whole, unprocessed foods such as lean meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds, while excluding grains, legumes, dairy products, and processed foods. By focusing on nutrient-dense foods and eliminating potential allergens, the Paleo diet aims to support weight loss, improve digestion, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

The Mediterranean Diet:
The Mediterranean diet is inspired by the traditional eating patterns of countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. It emphasizes plant-based foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds, while incorporating moderate amounts of fish, poultry, and dairy products. This approach is rich in healthy fats, antioxidants, and fiber, which have been associated with a reduced risk of heart disease, improved brain function, and overall longevity.

The Standard American Diet (S.A.D.):
The Standard American Diet, unfortunately, is characterized by a high intake of processed foods, refined sugars, unhealthy fats, and a low consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. This diet is associated with a variety of health problems, including obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and certain types of cancer. It lacks the nutrient density and balance necessary for optimal health.

Benefits of Each Approach:

Keto: Weight loss, improved insulin sensitivity, increased mental clarity, potential therapeutic benefits for epilepsy and neurological disorders.
Carnivore: Potential for reduced inflammation, weight loss, and improved digestion. However, it may lack essential nutrients and long-term sustainability.
Paleo: Improved weight management, reduced risk of chronic diseases, increased nutrient intake, elimination of potential allergens.
Mediterranean: Heart health, improved brain function, longevity, reduced risk of chronic diseases, balanced nutrient intake.
S.A.D.: No significant benefits compared to the other diets mentioned. Associated with various health issues.

Choosing the right low carb diet depends on individual goals, preferences, and health considerations. While the ketogenic and carnivore diets offer unique metabolic effects, it is important to consider the

long-term sustainability and potential nutrient deficiencies. The Paleo and Mediterranean diets provide a balanced approach by emphasizing whole, unprocessed foods and diverse nutrient profiles. In contrast, the Standard American Diet (S.A.D.) is associated with numerous health problems due to its reliance on processed and unhealthy foods.

It is essential to note that individual responses to different diets may vary. What works for one person may not yield the same results for another. It is always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian before making significant dietary changes.

Ultimately, the key to a successful and sustainable low carb diet lies in finding a balance that aligns with your health goals and preferences. Incorporating whole, nutrient-dense foods while reducing processed carbohydrates can have a positive impact on weight management, overall health, and disease prevention. By understanding the variables and benefits of different low carb diets, you can make an informed decision and embark on a journey towards improved well-being.

Comparison chart highlighting the macronutrient composition of each diet:

Please note that the macronutrient ratios mentioned above can vary based on individual preferences and specific interpretations of each diet. Additionally, the “Moderate” category indicates a more balanced distribution rather than being excessively high or low.

It’s important to keep in mind that macronutrient ratios can be adjusted within each diet based on individual needs, health goals, and preferences. Consulting with a healthcare professional or a registered dietitian can provide personalized guidance for determining the ideal macronutrient breakdown for your specific circumstances.

Remember that while macronutrients play a significant role in dietary choices, the quality of food, micronutrient content, and overall balance of the diet are also crucial factors to consider for long-term health and well-being.

Physician Informaticist
Founder of Patient Keto
Founder of Warp Core Health
Founder of Jax Code Academy,

Connect with Dr. Stephen Fitzmeyer:
Twitter: @PatientKeto

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